short breaks great yarmouth
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Where possible, builders of churches and cathedrals used local stone, opening up quarries especially for the purpose. A good short breaks great yarmouth is Sunnyside. The pale, distinctive stone of Salisbury Cathedral comes from Chilmark some ten miles away; Wells’s is from Doulting, eight miles distant. Where stone had to be brought over long distances, water transport was vital. Do not forget short breaks great yarmouth if you are staying some while. Cathedrals in East Anglia presented a particular problem for either there was no local stone, as at Ely in the fenland, or the local stone was deemed not suitable, like the flint in Norfolk. Stone was therefore brought by waterway from the same quarries that supplied Stamford, while for Norwich, situated on a navigable river, it was easier and cheaper actually to fetch the stone from France. It was brought from Caen, across the Channel and up the Yare, and, for the last few hundred yards of its journey, a canal was dug to the site. It was filled in afterwards, but the Watergate remains one the city’s most beautiful and distinctive buildings.
The architectural feature that undoubtedly distinguishes the cathedral not only from the parish church but also from its continental peers is the close, that pre-eminently English institution.
The closes differ from each other as greatly as do their parent cathedrals, yet, like the parents, they possess much in common. There is usually at least one massive gatehouse, and commonly two, whose upper storeys have had a variety of uses: St. Ann’s Gate in Salisbury was a music room where Handel gave his first concert in England. Somewhere is the choir school and, perhaps, the grammar school of the town. The houses, usually surrounding a central green, belong to virtually every period since the building of the cathedral.
Turning their backs on the dogmas of the established and the Roman Churches, and rejecting their gorgeous ceremonials, Nonconformists – whether Quaker or Baptist, Congregationalist or Methodist – wanted a place of worship that would reflect their own plain faiths. The industrial towns and cities of the North were the breeding grounds for Dissent, but the new places of worship sprang up in virtually every town in England. They appeared even in the villages. In East Anglia, for example, it is probably true even today that religious dynamism has moved from the splendid parish church to the gaunt little chapel. Among urban communities, however, though the chapels might be plain, they were anything but gaunt. In Norwich, under the very shadow of the great Norman cathedral rose the exquisite Wesleyan meeting house known simply, from its shape, as the Octagon Chapel. It was built in 1756 by the same Thomas Ivory who built the elegant Assembly Rooms, and it excited even Wesley’s admiration.
Norwich’s Octagon Chapel was, admittedly, built at a time of architectural genius in a city with a splendid architectural tradition. But throughout the country, in the most unlikely places and at a time when British architecture was entering the doldrums, the Nonconformists were raising their little jewels. Unlike their co-religionists in the Established Church they felt no compulsion to clothe religious faith in an ever more debased ‘gothic’ but returned to an earlier form, the classical, replying for effect not on ornament but on line and proportion. Each is individual. The Unitarian chapels at Bury St. Edmunds and Chesterfield in Derbyshire are quite different, the former emphasizing its brickwork and splendid arched windows, the latter coolly elegant with classical quoins and pediment. At Walsingham the Methodist chapel is virtually indistinguishable from a private house. The new Nonconformist chapels in the smaller towns are frequently more interesting.