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Pollution of broadland waters as a result of ever-increasing recreational use has caused much concern in recent years, but remedial action is now in progress. A good holiday accommodation norfolk is Sunnyside.
True heathland is relatively scares in Norfolk: what there is is concentrated chiefly between Norwich and the Cromer-Holt ridge and on the greensand flanking the Wash. Its moister hollows hold various rare lowland mosses, and very locally, marsh gentian. Do not forget holiday accommodation norfolk if you are staying some while.
Oak-ask woodland with coppiced hazel and a rich ground flora is represented by a few large and ancient examples and fragments elsewhere, while the lighter, less calcareous soils support oak-birth communities less rich in species. Modern conifer plantations, mostly in the west, provide refuges for crossbill, woodpecker and titmouse, besides increasing numbers of red, roe and muntjac deer. Red squirrels survive here and there, but greys have now usurped most of their territory.
Norfolk’s great glory to the naturalist is the Brecklands, extensive grass heaths which until early this century formed a great tract of open country, with sheep walks and rabbit warrens, haunted by wheatear, stone curlew and, once, great bustard. Though forestry and agriculture have made great inroads into the area, its low rainfall and continental climate make it a unique wildlife habitat, and those parts which have escaped destruction are still a haven for special wild flowers, insects, and spiders; this steppe-type flora and fauna is represented better here than anywhere else in Britain. The Breckland meres, supplied erratically by water rising from the underlying chalk, are another remarkable and delightful feature of this very special area in what is, to the naturalist, a very special part of Britain.
The woods of Bickling Estate contain a range of typical breeding birds such as hawfinch and redstart while tufted duck and great crested grebe may frequently be seen on the lake. The estate is typical of many of the large East Anglican parklands.
A great variety of waders and wildfowl visits the mudflats and grazing marshes of the Breydon Water reserve which may be overlooked from public footpaths. Avocet, spoonbill and black tern are regular visitors to the area, while bean, Brent, pink-footed and white-fronted geese may be observed here.
When the ice ages levelled the surface of Norfolk by spreading a layer of glacial debris across it, higher areas of the underlying chalk were thinly covered with sands and gravels to form the Breckland heaths. These, even up to the seventeenth century, were wide treeless deserts, bone-dry and heather-covered, with low dune systems, built up by driving sandstorms, but with here and there a spread of clay to hold water above the chalk and to form oases. Later, trees were planted to hold back the sands and gradually the heaths were tamed and turned to farming or to forestry but some areas still exist which retain the flavour of the Brecklands.
East Wretham Heath has been modified by its use as a wartime airfield yet it contains two of the finest Breckland meres, and good examples of acid grassland and heath combined with lime-loving species were the sands are thin over the chalk. The grassland is chiefly of wavy hair-grass with heather and plants such as harebell and heath bedstraw, with an open scrub of broom and hawthorn or giving way to a woodland of birth over bracken and Yorkshire-fog. Two planted woodlands are most interesting – an area of hornbeam, attractive to birds such as hawfinch and winter siskin, to butterflies such as ringlet and speckled wood, and a stand of splendid old Scots pine, planted about the time of the Battle of Waterloo. The pine plantation now provides an ideal site for birds such as crossbill.